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Sprinkler requirements by state

 

States with home fire sprinkler requirements

California
The California Building Standards Commission voted to adopt the 2009 International Residential Code, including its requirements for automatic fire sprinkler systems in new one- and two- family dwellings, effective date January 1, 2011.  Read more about fire sprinkler codes in California.

Maryland
The Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development completed its adoption process of the 2009 IRC with a January 1, 2011 effective date. Read more from the Office of the State Fire Marshal.

Status of home fire sprinkler requirements in other states

State Promulgating body action Status
Alaska No statewide building code. No new local jurisdictions may adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Alabama No statewide building code. No new local jurisdictions may adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Arkansas No statewide adoption, but local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
Arizona No statewide building code. No new local jurisdictions may adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Colorado No statewide building code, but local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
Connecticut Rulemaking body voted not to adopt one- and two-family dwelling fire sprinkler requirement.  Ongoing
Delaware No statewide building code, but local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
District of Columbia Requires all new residences to have fire sprinklers installed after January 1, 2011.
Ongoing
Florida No statewide adoption, but local jurisdictions are permitted to require sprinklers, pending certain local conditions.
Ongoing
Georgia Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action.  Legislative action prohibits adoption
Hawaii Local jurisdictions may not adopt due to legislative action. Legislation expires in 2017.
Legislative action prohibits adoption
Idaho Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Illinois Local jurisdictions must adopt a building code. If locals don't adopt, the 2006 IBC is the default. Ongoing
Indiana Rulemaking body removed the fire sprinkler provisions from the adoption of the 2009 IRC. Not adopted
Iowa Not adopted due to legislative action. Local jurisdictions may adopt.  Ongoing
Kansas No statewide building code. No new local jurisdictions may adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Kentucky Mini-max state. Final decision on IRC 2012 adoption. Pending
Louisiana Louisiana State Uniform Construction Code Council and Legislature removed 2009 IRC sprinkler requirements from statewide adoption. Local jurisdictions cannot require sprinklers in one- and two-family dwellings.
Legislative action prohibits adoption
Maine No statewide adoption, but passive requirements mandated for floor assemblies in unsprinklered homes.
Ongoing
Massachusetts One- and two-family dwellings more than 14,000 square feet must be sprinklered.
Ongoing
Michigan Rulemaking body voted not to adopt requirement. Local jurisdictions may not adopt.  Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Minnesota State voted to skip the 2009 code cycle for fiscal reasons. Regulations are moving forward to require all new homes in excess of 4,500 square feet to be sprinklered. Ongoing
Mississippi No statewide building code. If a jurisdiction chooses to adopt a residential code, it must be the IRC. The law doesn't mandate the jurisdiction to adopt sprinkler requirements.
Ongoing
Missouri No statewide building code. Legislative action placed moratorium and mandatory option until 12/2019.  Pending
Montana Legislative action in 2011 to prohibit sprinkler adoption vetoed by governor. Local jurisdictions may adopt.
Ongoing
Nebraska No statewide adoption by legislative action. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
Nevada No statewide building code. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
New Hampshire Rulemaking body voted to adopt. Legislative action nullified adoption.
Legislative action prohibits adoption
New Jersey Rulemaking body voted to adopt. Executive action by governor nullified requirement. Not adopted due to executive action
New Mexico No statewide adoption by legislative action. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
New York 2012 IRC up for adoption this cycle. Pending
North Carolina Rulemaking body voted to include only the townhouse requirement or a two-hour separation between units. Adopted with amendment
North Dakota Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Ohio The Residential Committee voted to remove sprinklers in lieu passive protection for engineered construction. Pending approval by rulemaking body. Pending
Oklahoma Townhouse requirement adopted. One- and two-family dwelling moved to appendix, allowing local adoption. Ongoing
Oregon Rulemaking body moved the requirement to the appendix. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
Pennsylvania Rulemaking body voted to adopt. Legislative action during the 2011 session nullified adoption. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Rhode Island 2012 IRC adopted without the requirement for sprinklers in one- and two-family dwellings.
Ongoing
South Carolina Adoption of 2012 IRC does not include sprinkler requirement. Optional installation in townhouses. Sprinkler mandate won't be considered until after January 1, 2015.
Ongoing
South Dakota Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Tennessee Adoption of 2009 IRC with three options: state will not enforce sprinklers in one- and two-family homes, jurisdictions can decide whether to require sprinklers, jurisdictions can opt out of having IRC enforced by super majority of elected officials and after each election the jurisdiction would have to take another vote to opt out.
Ongoing
Texas 2009 IRC adopted without sprinkler requirement. Jurisdictions may not enforce sprinkler provisions unless they have had sprinkler ordinances in place on 1/1/09.
Ongoing
Utah Rulemaking body voted not to adopt requirement. Not adopted
Vermont Vermont does not adopt or enforce the IRC. No action on residential sprinklers.
Ongoing
Virginia IRC sprinkler provisions modified to make sprinklers optional and retain tradeoffs if choosing to sprinkler homes.
Ongoing
Washington Rulemaking body voted not to adopt requirement. Local jurisdictions may adopt under certain conditions. Ongoing
West Virginia The State Fire Commission approved the 2009 IRC in full, but the Legislature removed the sprinkler provision. The 2009 will stay in effect until at least 2015.
Ongoing
Wisconsin Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption
Wyoming No statewide building code. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing