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Sprinkler requirements by state

 

States with home fire sprinkler requirements

  • California: Effective January 1, 2011, the California Building Standards Commission approved the State Fire Marshal's Building, Fire and Residential Code adoption packages for the 2010 California Building Standards Codes, including its requirements for residential fire sprinklers in all new one-and two-family dwellings and townhouse construc¬≠tion statewide. More about fire sprinkler codes in California.
  • Maryland: Effective January 1, 2011, the Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development completed its adoption process of the 2009 International Residential Code, including its requirements for automatic fire sprinkler systems in new one- and two- family dwellings.

Note: Effective January 1, 2011, all new residences in the District of Columbia are required to have fire sprinklers.

Status of sprinkler requirements in other states

State Promulgating body action Status
Alaska No statewide building code. No new local jurisdictions may adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Alabama No statewide building code. No new local jurisdictions may adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Arkansas No statewide adoption, but local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing.
Arizona No statewide building code. No new local jurisdictions may adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Colorado No statewide building code, but local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing.
Connecticut Rulemaking body voted not to adopt one- and two-family dwelling fire sprinkler requirement. Ongoing.
Delaware No statewide building code, but local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing.
Florida No statewide adoption, but local jurisdictions are permitted to require sprinklers, pending certain local conditions. Ongoing.
Georgia Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Hawaii Local jurisdictions may not adopt due to legislative action. Legislation expires in 2017. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Idaho Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Illinois Local jurisdictions must adopt a building code. If locals don't adopt, the 2006 IBC is the default. Ongoing
Indiana Rulemaking body removed the fire sprinkler provisions from the adoption of the 2009 IRC. Not adopted.
Iowa Not adopted due to legislative action. Local jurisdictions may adopt Ongoing.
Kansas No statewide building code. No new local jurisdictions may adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Kentucky Mini-max state. Final decision on IRC adoption. Pending.
Louisiana Louisiana State Uniform Construction Code Council and Legislature removed 2009 IRC sprinkler requirements from statewide adoption. Local jurisdictions cannot require sprinklers in one- and two-family dwellings. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Maine No statewide adoption, but passive requirements mandated for floor assemblies in unsprinklered homes. Ongoing.
Massachusetts One- and two-family dwellings more than 14,000 square feet must be sprinklered. Ongoing.
Michigan Rulemaking body voted not to adopt requirement. Local jurisdictions may not adopt. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Minnesota State voted to skip the 2009 code cycle for fiscal reasons. Regulations are moving forward to require all new homes in excess of 4,500 square feet to be sprinklered. Ongoing.
Mississippi No statewide building code. If a jurisdiction chooses to adopt a residential code, it must be the IRC. The law doesn't mandate the jurisdiction to adopt sprinkler requirements. Ongoing.
Missouri No statewide building code. Legislative action placed moratorium and mandatory option until 12/2019. Pending.
Montana Legislative action in 2011 to prohibit sprinkler adoption vetoed by governor. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing.
Nebraska No statewide adoption by legislative action. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
Nevada No statewide building code. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing.
New Hampshire Rulemaking body voted to adopt. Legislative action nullified adoption. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
New Jersey Rulemaking body voted to adopt. Executive action by governor nullified requirement. Not adopted due to executive action.
New Mexico No statewide adoption by legislative action. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing
New York 2012 IRC up for adoption this cycle. Pending.
North Carolina Rulemaking body voted to include only the townhouse requirement or a two-hour separation between units. Adopted with amendment.
North Dakota Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Ohio The Residential Committee voted to remove sprinklers in lieu passive protection for engineered construction. Pending approval by rulemaking body. Pending.
Oklahoma Townhouse requirement adopted. One- and two-family dwelling moved to appendix, allowing local adoption. Ongoing.
Oregon Rulemaking body moved the requirement to the appendix. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing.
Pennsylvania Rulemaking body voted to adopt. Legislative action during the 2011 session nullified adoption. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Rhode Island 2012 IRC adopted without the requirement for sprinklers in one- and two-family dwellings. Ongoing.
South Carolina Adoption of 2012 IRC does not include sprinkler requirement. Optional installation in townhouses. Sprinkler mandate won't be considered until after January 1, 2015. Ongoing.
South Dakota Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Tennessee Adoption of 2009 IRC with three options: state will not enforce sprinklers in one- and two-family homes, jurisdictions can decide whether to require sprinklers, jurisdictions can opt out of having IRC enforced by super majority of elected officials and after each election the jurisdiction would have to take another vote to opt out. Ongoing.
Texas 2009 IRC adopted without sprinkler requirement. Jurisdictions may not enforce sprinkler provisions unless they have had sprinkler ordinances in place on 1/1/09. Ongoing.
Utah. Rulemaking body voted not to adopt requirement. Not adopted.
Vermont Vermont does not adopt or enforce the IRC. No action on residential sprinklers. Ongoing.
Virginia IRC sprinkler provisions modified to make sprinklers optional and retain tradeoffs if choosing to sprinkler homes. Ongoing.
Washington Rulemaking body voted not to adopt requirement. Local jurisdictions may adopt under certain conditions Ongoing.
West Virginia The State Fire Commission approved the 2009 IRC in full, but the Legislature removed the sprinkler provision. The 2009 will stay in effect until at least 2015. Ongoing.
Wisconsin Rulemaking body unable to adopt due to legislative action. Legislative action prohibits adoption.
Wyoming No statewide building code. Local jurisdictions may adopt. Ongoing.